Emancipation of the Enslaved People at Bracketts


The Emancipation Proclamation was a presidential proclamation and executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. In a single stroke, it changed the federal legal status of more than 3 million enslaved people in the designated areas of the South from "slave" to "free". It had the practical effect that as soon as a slave escaped the control of the Confederate government, by running away or through advances of federal troops, the slave became legally free. Eventually it reached and liberated all of the designated slaves. It was issued as a war measure during the American Civil War, directed to all of the areas in rebellion and all segments of the executive branch (including the Army and Navy) of the United States.[1]

It proclaimed the freedom of slaves in ten states (excluding Tennessee).[2] Because it was issued under the President's war powers, it necessarily excluded areas not in rebellion - it applied to more than 3 million of the 4 million slaves at the time. The Proclamation was based on the president's constitutional authority as commander in chief of the armed forces;[3] it was not a law passed by Congress. The Proclamation also ordered that suitable persons among those freed could be enrolled into the paid service of United States' forces, and ordered the Union Army (and all segments of the Executive branch) to "recognize and maintain the freedom of" the ex-slaves.

The Proclamation did not compensate slave owners, did not outlaw slavery, and did not grant citizenship to the ex-slaves (called freedmen). It made the eradication of slavery an explicit war goal, in addition to the goal of reuniting the Union.[4]

On September 22 1862, Lincoln had issued a preliminary proclamation warning that he would order the emancipation of all slaves in any state that did not end its rebellion against the Union by January 1, 1863.[6] None of the Confederate states restored themselves to the Union, and Lincoln's order, signed and issued January 1, 1863, took effect.

The Proclamation lifted the spirits of African Americans both free and slave. It led many slaves to escape from their masters and get to Union lines to obtain their freedom.

The Emancipation Proclamation broadened the goals of the Civil War. While slavery had been a major issue that led to the war, Lincoln's only mission at the start of the war was to maintain the Union. The Proclamation made freeing the slaves an explicit goal of the Union war effort.

To ensure the abolition of slavery in all of the U.S., Lincoln pushed for passage of the Thirteenth Amendment. Congress passed it by the necessary two-thirds vote on January 31, 1865, and it was ratified by the states on December 6, 1865.

Booker T. Washington, as a boy of 9 in Virginia, remembered the day in early 1865.

As the great day drew nearer, there was more singing in the slave quarters than usual. It was bolder, had more ring, and lasted later into the night. Most of the verses of the plantation songs had some reference to freedom. ... Some man who seemed to be a stranger (a United States officer, I presume) made a little speech and then read a rather long paper—the Emancipation Proclamation, I think. After the reading we were told that we were all free, and could go when and where we pleased. My mother, who was standing by my side, leaned over and kissed her children, while tears of joy ran down her cheeks. She explained to us what it all meant, that this was the day for which she had been so long praying, but fearing that she would never live to see.

Source:  www.Wikipedia.com

~1865-1866 Those living at Bracketts after Emancipation (74 individuals found as of 4-27-16:  still researching last names)

Andrew Carter
Ann Hughes
Anne Tinsley,,,Mother was Anne
Anthony Daniel with wife _________
Ben Braxton
Ben Brooks wife a water-toter
Been Green
Bill ________?
Bowman Perry
Garland ________? Came to brack in 1865         daughter Susan died in fire, buried here
George Baylor
George Carter
George Carter (likely separate people)
George Fontaine
George Coleman
Hannah Brown
Harrison Desper
Harrison Easton a blacksmisth
Harry Braxton
Hattie Barker
Hembra Burnley
Henry Banks
Henry Carter
Henry Gooch
Horace _________w/ wife Rinda & 3 children     Moved to Piney Woods July 28, ‘65
Homer _________
Jack Carter
Jacob ________
Jacob ________
James Boyd
James Carter Brother of Andrew
Jane Bell
John Brown
John Braxton cutting wood w brother
Judy Allen
Louisa Carter
Lewis _________
Lewis _________
Maria Anderson
Maria Braxton
Martha Jane Diggs
Mary Barrett
Mary Carter
Moses Brown
Patrick Barbour father of Sam Barbour
Patty ________
Peggy (Peg) Burnley
Peter Fowler
Peter Holmes
Peter Hill a laborer, wife Catherine worked     July21-Nov 22
Powhatan ________
Rachel Carter
Reuben Braxton
Robert Blewsman
Samuel O. Bunch
Samuel Barbour has child named Patrick
Sam(s) Three listed as “Age 7, 24, and     Old_______ " last names uncertain
Sam Braxton
Scylla Diggs
Shandy Holland
Shelton _______
Susan Carter a cook      "her clothes caught fire and she died, buried here."
Suckey ______
Vinny Harris a cook (could be father of Susan)
William Hackett
William Hunter
William` Jones
William Gentry
Wilson ______
Wesley ______
Winston Carter
Winston ______
Jack Carter wife of Susan
Randol Timberlake

 


Supported by a grant from the Charlottesville Area Community Foundation’s Enriching Communities Fund